Data and Documentation
Boundary Legal Descriptions
“a method of describing a particular parcel of land in such a way that it uniquely describes the particular parcel and no other. A legal description may be a simple reference to a lot as shown on a subdivision plat, or be described by metes and bounds. To be adequate, it should be sufficient to locate the property without oral testimony.” Surveyor’s Definition
Identified elements of the Administrative Boundaries Framework dataset:
|State||Complete||MSL||boundary of Montana|
|County||Complete||MSL||56 county boundaries|
|Incorporated City/Town||Complete||MSL||boundaries of the 129 incorporated cities and towns|
|Federal American Indian Reservations||Complete||MSL||boundaries for the 7 Tribal Nations located|
|School Districts||Complete||MSL||boundaries for elementary, secondary, and k-12 school districts|
|Fire Districts||Complete||DNRC||boundaries for fire districts|
|Tax Increment Financing Districts (TIFD)||Complete||MSL/DOR||urban renewal; industrial; aerospace/ transportation/ technology, and industrial district boundaries|
Administrative Boundaries are legally documented and attributed jurisdictional boundaries. These boundaries define the rights and interests on the land. Ensuring that boundaries, any boundary in the state of Montana, are correctly recorded and drawn is essential for several reasons:
Legal: Establishing well-defined, consistent boundaries minimizes legal irregularities.
Equitable collection/distribution of funds: Fees, taxes, or grants are associated with a defined area (e.g., fire district).
Equitable distribution of benefits: boundary lines define benefit areas (e.g., public water/sewer districts).
Mapping: Accurate boundary lines are used in creating paper maps, delivering online spatial-based services, and in public policy decision-making.
“Bad” geography: Many new districts rely on existing, erroneous district boundary lines, thus producing a domino effect of inaccurate information.
Public knowledge: Public information on district boundary legal descriptions and their corresponding maps should be correct and dependable.